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Capital city: Lisbon Area: 35,672 sq miles (92,391 sq km) Population:10,100,000 Official language: Portuguese Major religions: Christian 98%, other 2% Government: Multiparty democracy Currency: Euro Adult literacy rate: 93% Life expectancy: 76 years People per doctor: 312 Televisions: 452 per 1,000 people

A NATION OF GREAT SEAFARERS, Portuguese explorers sailed the world in the 15th and 16th centuries. They claimed territories as far apart as Africa and Asia, and they also colonized Brazil.From 1932–1968 Portugal was ruled by the dictator António Salazar, but after a military coup in 1974, the armed forces finally withdrew from politics. In 1986 Portugal joined the European Community, but it remains one of the poorest countries in western Europe. Tourism, particularly in the Algarve, is important to the economy.