Countries of Southern Europe (UN Statistic Division)
Albania free map, Andorra free map, Bosnia and Herzegovina free map, Croatia free map, Gibraltar, Greece free map, Italy free map, Macedonia free map, Malta free map, Montenegro free map, Portugal free map, San Marino free map, Serbia free map, Slovenia free map, Spain free map, VaticanCity free map
Countries of Eastern Europe (UN Statistic Division)
Belarus free map, Bulgaria free map, Czech Republic free map, Hungary free map, Poland free map, Republic of Moldova free map, Romania free map, Russian Federation free map, Slovakia free map, Ukraine free map
Countries of Northern Europe (UN Statistic Division)
Aland Islands free map, Channel Islands, Denmark free map, Faroe Islands, Estonia free map, Finland free map, Iceland free map, Ireland free map, Latvia free map, Lithuania free map,Luxembourg free map Norway free map, Svalbard and Jan Mayen free map, Sweden free map, United Kingdom free map, Guernsey, Isle of Man| Jersey free map
Countries of Western Europe (UN Statistic Division)
Austria free map, Belgium free map, France free map, Germany free map, Liechtenstein free map, Monaco free map, Netherlands free map, Switzerland free map
Area: 80,154 sq mi (207,600 sq km) / World Rank: 85
Location: Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, in Eastern Europe, east of Poland, west of Russia, south of Latvia and Lithuania, north of Ukraine
Coordinates: 53°00′N, 28°00′E
Borders: 1,925 mi (3,098 km) total / Latvia, 88 mi (141 km); Lithuania, 312 mi (502 km); Poland, 376 mi (605 km); Russia, 596 mi (959 km); Ukraine, 554 mi (891 km)
Coastline: Landlocked country, Belarus has no coast- line
Highest Point: Dzerzhinskaya Mountain, 1,135 ft (346 m)
Lowest Point: Neman River, 295 ft (90 m)
Longest Distances: 400 mi (640 km) SW-NE / 310 mi (490 km) N-S
Longest River: Dnieper, 1,420 mi (2290 km)
Largest Lake: Lake Naroch, 30 sq mi (80 sq km)
Natural Hazards: None
Population: 10,350,194 (July 2001 est.) / World Rank:74
Capital City: Minsk, located in the center of the country
Largest City: Minsk, 1.7 million (2002 est.)
The Republic of Belarus is a landlocked country in east central Europe, about 161 mi (260 km) southeast of the Baltic Sea coastline. The topography is relatively flat (average elevation 100 ft / 162 m), and Belarus has no natural borders. The country features thousands of lakes, areas of marshland, and forests. Although its topography is chiefly flat-to-hilly, the country does have five distinct geographic regions. In the north is the Polotsk Lowland, an area of lakes, hills, and forests. The Neman Lowland in the northwest is similar.
The lowlands are separated from each other and the rest of the country by the Belorussian Ridge and smaller uplands. Plains and grasslands lie in the east and central part of the country. The south is dominated by the Polesye Marshes, a vast swampy area that extends into Ukraine. The swampy plains of the south, the northern lakes, and the gently sloping ridges were all the work of glaciers.
MOUNTAINS AND HILLS
Although its terrain is generally level, the Belorussian Ridge, a region of highlands, runs across the center of the country from the southwest to the northeast. The highest elevation is Dzerzhinskaya Mountain (Dzyarzhynskaya Hara; 1135 ft / 346 m).
Belarus has over 4,000 lakes. Lakes Drisvyaty and Osveyskoye are near the northern border. The largest is
Lake Naroch (Narach) covering 50 sq mi (80 sq km) in the northwest.
The Dnieper is the longest river in Belarus at 1420 mi (2290 km). It is the third longest river in Europe; only the Volga and Danube are longer. After crossing the Russian border southwest of the Belorussian Ridge, the river bends south and flows across most of eastern Belarus, passing through the city of Mahilyow before entering Kiev. Main tributaries are the Berezina in the central region and the Pripyat in the south.
THE COAST, ISLANDS, AND THE OCEAN
Belarus is landlocked and has no coast.
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
The Belarusian climate is considered transitional between continental and maritime. Cool temperatures and high humidity predominate, with helpful influence from the nearby Baltic Sea. In January the average temperature is 23°F (-5°C ); in July, 67°F (19°C ). Sometimes in the north, frosts of below -40°F (-40°C) have been recorded. Summer lasts up to 150 days, while winter ranges between 105 and 145 days.
Belarus’s major natural resources are its forests and peat deposits. The country also has small quantities of oil and natural gas. Manufacturing and commerce are the most important parts of the economy.